Lagarde Hails S.Africa, Warns of Euro Risks
IMF chief Christine Lagarde praised South Africa's "impressive" economic performance Saturday, but again warned that the European debt crisis posed a risk to Africa's largest economy.
"South Africa's recent economic performance has been impressive. Good macroeconomic policies which, together with a flexible exchange rate and sound financial sector, have mitigated the output drop during the global recession," she said in a statement.
"South Africa has become increasingly integrated into the global economy," she said following talks with President Jacob Zuma.
"In our highly interconnected world, this integration also exposes South Africa to global business cycles. The ongoing difficulties in the euro area, one of South Africa's main export markets, present significant downside risks to the economic outlook."
Earlier in the day she had a private meeting with Zuma, after holding talks Friday with Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan, national planning boss Trevor Manuel, and Central Bank Governor Gill Marcus.
Lagarde hailed South Africa's prudent fiscal policy, which helped shield the country from the global recession.
"The challenge now is to ensure that monetary policy remains supportive and competitiveness improves. At the same time, moderation in wage growth and enhanced competition would support the ongoing recovery and lay the foundation for higher growth in the medium term," she said.
South African labor unions regularly stage strikes to demand increases of more than double the rate of inflation, a trend that business leaders warn is unsustainable.
On Friday, Lagarde cautioned that the Eurozone debt crisis was taking a toll on Africa and the rest of the world, with the IMF set to release a report around January 25 that is likely to lower the global growth forecast from the 4.0 percent estimated in September.
"In these difficult times for the global economy, emerging economies are a key part of the solution," she said in her statement.
South Africa has an important role to play on behalf of the interests of developing economies and the African continent in particular."
South Africa fell into its first recession since the fall of apartheid during the 2008 global financial crisis.
While the recession lasted only nine months, the country has struggled to boost its growth rate to levels that the government says are needed to make a dent in a 25 percent unemployment rate that keeps 38 percent of the population living in poverty.